This document provides countries with support to assess and strengthen health information system performance. Specifically, it helps countries develop a monitoring strategy to track progress and performance and ensure accountability and understand the core indicators and methods that can be used to assess health information system performance related to the generation, analysis, synthesis, and validation of health data.
The IS4H Maturity Model was developed by PAHO and WHO to help member states assess the maturity levels of their information system for health and the capability of public health organizations and technology to operate, interact, and benefit from information systems. Specifically, the model analyzes the maturity of information management processes, information governance readiness, open government initiatives, and knowledge management process adoption. This resource includes a standard-assessment and self-assessment tool to help users apply the model.
This report examines the adoption and use of patient information systems and reviews data standards and legal protection for patient data based on the results of a global survey. It provides countries with a list of steps that can be taken to facilitate the implementation of effective patient information systems. Specifically, the guideline prioritizes the adoption of open-source, standards-based software platforms, data exchange standards, clear patient privacy and security legislation, and appropriate training for health informatics professionals.
This webpage provides information related to health statistics and information systems, with links to relevant tools and resources. It guides users through key topics related to civil registration and vital statistics including statistics, innovation and technology, country monitoring and evaluation, and monitoring universal health coverage.
This Global Scaling Up Investment Plan was prepared by the World Bank Group and the World Health Organization with input from several agencies and countries. It provides users with an overview of civil registration and vital statistics, the current global state, and a scaling-up plan that includes national CRVS strengthening, international support for CRVS, and sharing knowledge and building the evidence base.
This resource kit is designed to support countries in planning and implementing improvements to their civil registration and vital statistics systems. It uses a standards-based and country-driven approach to support countries through the process of assessing the performance of CRVS systems and developing evidence-based improvement plans. In particular, the kit helps to enable users to identify, locate, and make use of the core standards, tools, and materials needed to build stronger and more efficient CRVS systems.
This guidance tool provides users with comprehensive guidance on how to evaluate the quality and functioning of CRVS systems. The resources available here include a detailed assessment and rapid assessment tool, designed to help users obtain a clear and comprehensive understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of their CRVS system and strategic options for improvement.
This rapid assessment tool consists of 25 questions that can be used to quickly evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a country’s current CRVS system. This rapid assessment tool has been developed to accompany the comprehensive guide, “Improving the quality and use of birth, death and cause-of-death information: guidance for a standards-based review of country practices.”
This resource was developed by the UN Statistics Division to provide guidance on establishing a functioning system for collecting, processing and disseminating vital statistics. In particular, the guide provides users with information related to improving sources of vital statistics and practical recommendations for quality assurance.
This document offers guidance on strategies for strengthening national CRVS plans, with a focus on mortality and cause-of-death statistics. Specifically, the document summarizes key mortality-related indicators, the strengths and limitations of different data sources, and the best options for generating mortality statistics. It concludes with priority actions and recommendations for strengthening CRVS based on country starting points and capacities.
International classification of disease (ICD) is the international standard for reporting diseases and health conditions and is used as the diagnostic classification standard for all clinical and research purposes. This training tool is designed to build country capacity for implementing ICD and is designed for self-learning and classroom use. It describes the structure of the classification and statistical coding according to ICD criteria and comes with a quick reference guide for determining cause of death on the death certificate in line with ICD-11.
The Start-Up Mortality List (SMoL) was developed in line with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD 10th Revision) to provide a succinct and easy tool that countries can use as a first step towards standardized reporting of causes of death in low-resource settings where capacities to code causes of death to ICD 3- or 4-digits are lacking. It can be used to support public health priority setting and tracking progress toward national and international targets and goals.
The system of health accounts (SHA 2011) is a statistical reference manual giving a comprehensive description of the financial flows in health care. It provides a set of revised classifications of health care functions, providers of health care goods, and services and financing schemes. Specifically, the SHA classifications build on common concepts, boundaries, definitions and accounting rules for measuring consumption of health care goods and services. The SHA can be used as a basis for better data collection on health expenditure to guide the successful implementation of national health accounts.
This curriculum offers training for strengthening routine health information systems in low- and middle-income countries. It is intended to be used to build capacity to conceptualize, design, develop, govern, and manage a routine health information system that generates information that can be used to improve public health practice and service delivery.
This webpage provides an overview of health management information systems strengthening, facilitation, and use. It offers users practical guidance on the design, management, and implementation of health management information systems paired with training materials to support implementation.
USAID and MEASURE Evaluation developed this guide to help stakeholders align their information systems with international standards and best practices. The modules provide a reference guide for 12 different HIS data sources, including individual health records, logistics management information systems, financial management information systems, public health surveillance systems, and civil registration and vital statistics systems.
This brief provides users with an overview of financial management information systems and links to relevant tools and resources including an FMIS data mapper, FMIS world map, and an FMIS Community of Practice.
This study examines the effects of FMIS on publishing open budget data and provides governments with guidance on the effective use of FMIS platforms to support improvements in the accuracy, timeliness, and reliability of budget reporting.
This evaluation tool was designed to assess country capacity to prevent, detect, and rapidly respond to public health threats. It is intended to be used through a joint external evaluation process to measure country-specific status and progress in achieving the targets of effective surveillance and response, including an assessment of health surveillance information systems. The external evaluation allows countries to assess their capacity to detect and rapidly respond to public health threats, facilitate a transparent multi-partner response to identify the most urgent health needs in the health security system, and prioritize opportunities for preparedness, response, and action.
This review provides a synthesis of the literature on e-health implementation across a diverse array of healthcare settings and introduces readers to an accessible and useful guide for planning implementation of e-health strategies.
“This toolkit provides practical guidance, tools, and links to other resources to support countries in collecting better, more useful data on PHC system performance and using the data to improve performance. Depending on a country’s measurement capacity and unique priorities, the toolkit can be used routinely or at strategic points” to help with strategies such as understanding PHC performance measurement across program areas and system functions, addressing measurement gaps in important service delivery areas, and communicating data effectively to relevant stakeholders through targeted data analysis and visualization.
Designed for health professionals and policy makers, this website provides access to tools, resources, and information on health information systems strengthening including country profiles and assessment tools.
This handbook draws on the lessons and knowledge of experienced global supply chain experts to provide governments and private and public sector partners with a practical, cost-effective guide for supply chain management for essential health commodities. Especially relevant is the chapter on information systems for data visibility and use, which includes information on data selection, collection, visibility, quality, and use for logistics management information systems.
This position paper explores how to combine the applications of separate information systems, namely Routine Health Information Systems and Logistics Management Information Systems, to capture more robust, comprehensive data. Using dedicated, fit-for-purpose software solutions for each system, the integration process described in this paper identifies opportunities to make distinct applications interoperable at the point of care and policy level to improve the efficiency and overall management of the health system.
"This paper—one of a series developed by MEASURE Evaluation—explores how to improve HIS to address the burden of data collection that falls to healthcare providers. The aim is to discover ways to help providers collect good-quality data without compromising the care they give to their clients. This paper reviews what we can discern thus far, through a review of literature and our own experience, and it provides a series of recommendations for data collection and HIS."
"This report explores how data and digital technology can help achieve policy objectives and drive positive transformation in the health sector while managing new risks such as privacy, equity and implementation costs. It examines the following topics: improving service delivery models; empowering people to take an active role in their health and their care; improving public health; managing biomedical technologies; enabling better collaboration across borders; and improving health system governance and stewardship. It also examines how health workforces should be equipped to make the most of digital technology. The report contains findings from surveys of OECD countries and shares a range of examples that illustrate the potential benefits as well as challenges of the digital transformation in the health sector. Findings and recommendations are relevant for policymakers, health care providers, payers, industry as well as patients, citizens and civil society."
"The HIS interoperability maturity model identifies the major components of HIS interoperability and lays out an organization’s growth pathway through these components. Countries can use the assessment tool to determine their HIS interoperability maturity level systematically. Using the assessment results, countries can create a path toward strengthening their HIS interoperability and building resilient systems."
"We are a global network of health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSSs) that provide a more complete picture of the health status of communities. Since they collect data from whole communities over extended time periods, they more accurately reflect health and population problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The HDSSs increasingly link population and health facility data to implement the new Comprehensive Health and Epidemiological Surveillance System (CHESS)."
"The Knowledge Action Portal (KAP) is a flagship online community-driven platform launched by the WHO Global Coordination Mechanism on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (WHO GCM/NCD). The KAP presents users with an innovative way to enhance global understanding, interaction, and engagement across sectors for the purpose of fulfilling existing - and initiating new - commitments to noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention and control."
"The new SCORE for Health Data Technical Package forms the cornerstone of WHO’s efforts to strengthen health information systems worldwide, and countries’ capacity to generate, analyse and use health data (i.e. health status and health intervention). The package is published during one of the most data-strained public health crisis responses ever – that of the COVID-19 pandemic2 – which is placing a huge burden on already overstretched health and health-related data systems worldwide. The SCORE for Health Data Technical Package can guide countries to take action by providing a one-stop shop for best technical practices that strengthen health information systems, using universally accepted standards and tools."